What is Electromyography (EMG) | MYOact Dubai

What is Electromyography (EMG) and How Does it Help in Understanding Muscle Activity?

February 14, 2024

MYOact Dubai

Electromyography (EMG), is a diagnostic tool that measures the electrical activity of muscles, providing valuable insights into their function and health. To make it easier to visualise what the technology and EMG physical therapist see, imagine looking into the hidden world of your muscles and observing their electrical symphony as they contract and relax.


Every muscle contraction is orchestrated by tiny electrical signals travelling from the brain through nerves to muscle fibres. These signals trigger a complex chain reaction within the muscle cells, causing them to contract and generate force.


An EMG test detects and amplifies these electrical signals, transforming them into visual representations on a screen or audible sounds.


Two main types of EMG tests: 


1. Surface EMG


Electrodes are placed on the skin overlying the target muscle, capturing the combined electrical activity of many muscle fibres. This non-invasive method provides a general overview of muscle activity.


2. Needle EMG


Thin needles are inserted directly into the muscle, recording signals from individual muscle fibres or small groups. This invasive technique offers more detailed information about specific muscle activity and potential abnormalities.

The EMG recordings reveal several key parameters of muscle activity:


  • Muscle recruitment
  • The number of muscle fibres activated during a contraction indicates strength and coordination.
  • Firing rate
  • The frequency of electrical signals reflects the intensity of muscle effort.
  • Signal patterns
  • The signals’ shape and timing provide clues about muscle health and potential nerve or muscle disorders.

Here are some EMG advantages that make it an ideal option for patients


1. Non-invasive or minimally invasive: EMG offers a safe and comfortable assessment option.
2. Objective and quantitative data: Providing measurable results for diagnosis and treatment monitoring.
3. High-resolution view of muscle function: Identifying specific abnormalities and nerve damage.
4. Wide range of applications: Used in diagnosing various neuromuscular conditions, rehabilitation, and sports performance analysis.


MYOact Dubai: Your EMG Experts


Located in Dubai, MYOact is a physiotherapy centre specialising in evidence-based treatments and utilising cutting-edge technology like EMG. Choosing MYOact Dubai offers several advantages including:


  • Experienced and qualified physiotherapists who are trained in EMG analysis and interpretation.
  • State-of-the-art EMG equipment ensures accurate and reliable results.
  • Personalised treatment plans: Based on individual needs and EMG findings.
  • Multidisciplinary approach, combining EMG with other therapies for comprehensive care.
  • Focus on patient education to empower individuals to understand their condition and manage it effectively. This often involves MYOact biofeedback training where patients learn to control certain body functions.


EMG is an invaluable tool for understanding muscle activity. Leveraging this knowledge, the Scandinavian Physiotherapy Center DMCC partnered officially with MYOact Dubai to diagnose neuromuscular conditions accurately, design effective treatment plans, and guide patients towards a healthier and more active life.