What Causes Fibromyalgia and How Physiotherapy Can Help?

April 19, 2021

fibromyalgia syndrome

Pain or tenderness in different body areas, general fatigue, sleep issues, and cognitive disturbances – these symptoms often add up to fibromyalgia syndrome. People with this condition have increased sensitivity to things that are not normally unpleasant or painful. They have ‘regions of pain’, which patients describe as feeling like a consistent dull ache. Although it’s considered one of the most common chronic pain conditions, healthcare providers still have a lot to learn about its causes.

Fibromyalgia is often misdiagnosed because its symptoms mimic other illnesses such as hypothyroidism, metabolic insufficiencies, rheumatic disease, myofascial pain syndrome, and parasite infestations. According to certain guidelines, diagnosis of fibromyalgia is made on by exclusion. Doctors will usually rely on a patient’s group of symptoms to rule out other conditions before prescribing medications or starting manual therapy treatment.

Brain scans of patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia show inflammation in the brain, with the pain nerves inflamed and irritated. However, many researchers believe that several factors may increase a person’s chance of developing fibromyalgia.

  • Abnormal pain signaling – It is highly likely that the nervous system does not process pain signals the usual way, making an individual more sensitive to pain.
  • Hormone imbalances – Lower serotonin levels, norepinephrine, and dopamine in the nervous system can interrupt pain signals and increase pain sensitivity.
  • Genetics – Scientists also speculate that fibromyalgia can run in families. There may be an unidentified genetic abnormality that increases a person’s risk for fibromyalgia.
  • Triggers – Emotional or physical trauma, infections, and surgeries may trigger the onset of fibromyalgia in people who are already at risk.
  • Sleep disturbances – Abnormal sleep patterns can alter the levels of some brain chemicals; therefore, experts are not sure it’s just a symptom or possible cause.

FibromyalgiaLiving with fibromyalgia can be challenging. Fatigue and pain can be consistent enough to interfere with your daily routine. At this time, there is no definitive cure for fibromyalgia. But there are available treatments that focus on minimizing symptoms and improving general health. Doctors use various treatment strategies to achieve a cumulative effect, including pain relievers, lifestyle changes, self-care techniques, and physiotherapy.

Physiotherapy center Dubai programs for fibromyalgia use specific stretching and strengthening exercises to help manage your pain, reduce fatigue, and improve your function and quality of life. People with this condition are often caught in a vicious cycle – pain prevents them from being active, but inactivity can trigger more pain and fatigue. Physiotherapists keep your pain and fatigue levels in mind and develop tailored exercises to meet your needs. They document your progress and gauge whether your posture and alignment and movement patterns are appropriate.

If you need help managing your fibromyalgia symptoms, consult with the experts at Scandinavian Physiotherapy Center DMCC. They will design a program that’s right for you with the goal of not only improving your fitness but also your quality of life. They offer a wide range of physiotherapy specialties including manual lymphatic drainage, musculoskeletal physiotherapy, sports rehabilitation and many more! Contact +971 4 551 6126 to book an appointment today.